Sound

English Pronunciation

Vowels: short e sound /ɛ/

Listen to the short e sound

ESL/ELL/EFL short e sound pronunciation

short e illustration

How to pronounce the short e sound

The short e sound is a relatively relaxed vowel sound. The middle of the tongue rounds slightly upward and the sides of the tongue may lightly touch the top and bottom side teeth. The lips and jaw are loose and relaxed.


Common short e spellings

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
-e-(CVC)[1] bed
send
yes


none
ea head
bread
heaven


long e (dream)

[1] e spelling followed by the letter r
When the consonant following the letter e is the letter r (as in the words her and after), the sound is usually pronounced as the schwa+r instead of the short e sound followed by the r sound.


The short e sound in suffixes

none

Non-phonetic short e words

The short e sound is underlined in the following words:
said
says
friend
guest
again






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Exercises

High-frequency ea Spelling: long e

High-frequency ea Spelling: short e

Short e Video

Quizzes

-ea- spelling, long e or short e

Sound Practice

short e

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