Sound

English Pronunciation

Vowels: short u sound /ʌ/

Listen to the short u sound

ESL/ELL/EFL short u sound pronunciation

short u illustration

How to pronounce the short u sound

The body of the tongue is relaxed and set low in the mouth. The sides of the tongue lightly touch the bottom teeth during the formation of the sound. The jaw is kept in a neutral position, and the lips are relaxed.

The overall relaxed nature of the formation of this sound is why it is commonly used for the pronunciation of the vowel sound of an unstressed syllable. The short i sound may also be used in an unstressed syllable, but the short u/schwa is more common.


Common short u spellings

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
-u-(CVC)[1] us
duck
just


other u (put)

[1] u spelling followed by the letter r
When the consonant following the letter u is the letter r (as in the words blur and fur), the sound is usually pronounced as the schwa+r instead of the short u sound followed by the r sound.


The short u sound in suffixes

none

Non-phonetic short u words

The short u sound is underlined in the following words:
won/one[2]
done
none
from
come
enough
mother
brother







[2]: won/one
The words one and won are homonyms and are pronounced the same.



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