Sound

English Pronunciation

Vowels: short i sound /ɪ/

Listen to the short i sound

ESL/ELL/EFL short i sound English pronunciation

short i illustration

How to pronounce the short i sound

The lips are relaxed and the central/front area of the tongue is in the central/high area of the mouth for this sound. The overall neutrality and relaxed tongue and lip position is why it is one of the pronunciations used in an unstressed vowel position.


Common short i spellings

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
-i-(CVC)[1] it
lip
spin


none
consonant-y-consonant myth
symbol
system


long i (cycle)

[1] i spelling followed by the letter r
When the consonant following the letter i is the letter r (as in the words stir and girl), the sound is usually pronounced as the schwa+r instead of the short i sound followed by the r sound.


The short i sound in suffixes

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
-ate[2] accurate
passionate
unfortunate


long a (celebrate)
-ive active
excessive
alternative


none
-ed[3] landed
skated
celebrated


no vowel

[2] -ate suffix
The -ate suffix is pronounced with a short i sound when the word is being used as a noun or an adjective. When the -ate suffix is being used as a verb, a long a pronunciation is more common (as in the words celebrate and evaluate).

[3] -ed ending
The vowel sound of the -ed ending is pronounced with a short i sound when the sound before the -ed is a t sound or a d sound.


Non-phonetic short i words

The short i sound is underlined in the following words:
been
give
busy
building





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Exercises

High-frequency y Spelling: long i

High-frequency y Spelling: short i

Short i Video

Quizzes

long e/short i/short e/short u

Sound Practice

short i

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