Sound

English Pronunciation

Consonant Fricative: v sound /v/

Listen to the v sound

ESL/ELL/EFL v sound American pronunciation

v sound illustration

How to pronounce the v sound

The v sound is voiced (the vocal cords vibrate during its production), and is the counterpart to the unvoiced f sound.

To create the v sound, the jaw is held nearly closed. The upper backside of the bottom lip is pressed very lightly into the bottom of the top teeth. Air is pushed out the mouth between the top teeth and the upper backside of the bottom lip. This sound is a continuous consonant, meaning that it should be capable of being produced for a few seconds with even and smooth pronunciation for the entire duration.

The lips are kept mostly relaxed during the v sound. A common error ESL/ELL students make is overproducing this sound by curling the bottom lip under the top teeth. This creates problems when linking to and from the v sound.

Common v sound spellings

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
v/ve[1] very
never
have


none

[1]: ve spelling
When a word ends in a v sound, the letter v is almost always followed by the letter e.

The v sound in suffixes

spelling example   other pronunciations for spelling
-ive active
excessive
alternative


none

Non-phonetic v sound words

The v sound is underlined in the following words:
of

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Exercises

j sound / ch sound+ -ed ending

f sound / v sound minimal pairs

v sound / w sound minimal pairs

v sound / w sound Paragraph Practice

Sound Practice

fricative v

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