Sound

English Pronunciation

Vowels: Compare long a, long e, and long i

Listen to the long a sound
Listen to the long e sound
Listen to the long i sound

The long a, long i, and long e sounds are all related to the English y sound. The long a and long i are both two-sound vowels that end in a y sound (a two-sound vowel is a vowel sound that includes a y sound or a w sound in the pronunciation). The long e is a single-sound vowel with a tongue position very similar to that of a y sound.


Compare the long a and long i sounds

ESL/ELL/EFL vowel sound comparison pronunciation

long a/long i illustration

The long a and long i are two-sound vowels that both end in a sound similar to a y sound.

To create a long a sound:

  • the tongue begins pushed forward, at a neutral height
  • as the jaw closes slightly, the body of the tongue moves upward toward the tooth ridge (similar to the movements used to create a y sound)

To create a long i sound:

  • the tongue is low (touching the bottom, side teeth)
  • as the jaw closes slightly, the body of the tongue moves upward toward the tooth ridge (similar again to the movement used to create a y sound)
long a long i
late
way
claim


light
why
climb



Compare the long e to the final part of the long a and long i

ESL/ELL/EFL vowel sound pronunciation

long e illustration

The long e is the vowel sound closest to the y sound, and is very similar to the final part of the long a and long i sounds.

To create a long e sound:

  • the jaw is kept relatively closed
  • the body of the tongue is close to the tooth ridge
  • the sides of the tongue touch the top teeth on both sides of the mouth

The space between the tongue and the tooth ridge is more constricted during the pronunciation of the y sound than it is during the long e.


Compare long a, long i, and long e

ESL/ELL/EFL vowel sound pronunciation

long a/long i/long e illustration

long a long i long e
lake
sane
bait
bake
fate




like
sign
bite
bike
fight




leak
seen
beat
beak
feet






Rate this material:


Share this page at your favorite social networking site!





Discuss this topic in our Forums!


Quizzes

long a/long e/long i

Sound Practice

long a

long e

long i

Pronuncian Lessons

Lessons  

  

This lesson is available for purchase in:

Pronunciation Pages 2

PDF ebook $38 USD

Add to Cart

softcover$48 USD

Add to Cart

Download the book right now!

Click here to learn more about the book.


Click here to join Pronuncian for full online access to all exercises and quizzes for this lesson.


Top-Ranked Lessons

Compare long a/long e/long i
Introduction to Approximant Sounds
velar l sound /ɫ/
Consonant + /r/: Initial Consonant Clusters
Introduction to Stops
b sound /b/
g sound /ɡ/
k sound /k/
The t sound Allophones
Letter x Pronunciation: k+s or g+z
voiced and unv th /ð,θ/